Friday, September 10, 2010

Deferred Decals

this time i improved my decals system.
one of the things that make decals looks real is the way it interact with the environment lighting and how it clipped against the world geometry...
the old decals system has good clipping but it was rendered using a forward rendering, so it didn't interact with environment lights/shadows which look very strange when you put decals in a dark room with small candle light.
another thing is, decals on dynamic entities, which need to take into account fast clipping against those entities.
to fix problem 1, i replaced the forward renderer into a deferred one, which rendered the decals into two render targets (using MRT support), one rt for diffuse color and the other for normals, then in the rendering pass i blend the diffuse/normal with surfaces diffuse/normals to get the final image.
to fix the second one, i change the way i create collision data, each object in the scene that needs collision detection keeps handle to collision tree which used to get the needed data when doing clipping, collisions etc...
that's it for now, i think the result are pretty good...
here is a screen shots that show it in action:

wall rendered without decal on it
the small picture in the top left shows diffuse term of lighting

wall rendered with decal on it
notice the bump map generated from the decal normals

physical entity rendered without decal on it

physical entity rendered with decal on it
note that when i "shot" the decal on the box, i apply impulse on the box so it moves a little


MarmAmic said...


Can the player create decals or "scratch" walls and objects?

orenk2k said...


the player can shot on things and leave marks, it also used for blood splats and such...
as for scratching the walls, well... if the player will have a weapon that leave "scratch" marks then yes.
you can basically put any decal you want where you want.